Anita Zaidi's work at the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation is focused on research and development to help mothers and children in the poorest parts of the world survive and lead healthy and productive lives. She obtained her medical degree from the Aga Khan University in Karachi, residency training in pediatrics and fellowship training in medical microbiology from Duke University. Her research has focused on vaccine-preventable illnesses and newborn infections in resource-limited settings, publishing more than two hundred research papers in these areas. Prior to joining the Foundation, Anita was the Ruby and Karim Bahudar Ali Jessani Professor and Chair, Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, at the Aga Khan University. In 2013 Anita became a recipient of the $1 million Caplow Children’s Prize for work in one of Karachi’s poverty stricken fishing communities to save children’s lives. She was nominated as a notable physician in 2014 by Medscape.